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Scaling and Polishing

Scaling and polishing

What is it?

Plaque is a soft, sticky substance that builds up on your teeth. It is mostly made up of bacteria.

The bacteria in plaque feed on sugar from food and drink, producing acids as a waste product. The acids attack the teeth by dissolving the minerals in the tooth surface. If this happens too often tooth decay results

And if plaque is allowed to build up the bacteria can cause gum disease, making your gums sore and infected

Tartar – also known as calculus – formed by hardened plaque, helps plaque to gather and makes it harder to remove when you brush.

You can’t remove tartar just by brushing your teeth, but a dentist or hygienist can remove it using a special instrument – this is known as scaling.

A dentist or hygienist can also polish your teeth, this removes stains from coffee, tea, red wine or cigarettes, and it makes it more difficult for plaque to stick to your teeth

If you clean your teeth very thoroughly at home your scale and polish treatment will take less time


What happens?

Dentists and hygienists use two types of instruments for scaling

  • Hand scalers are metal scrapers that come in different sizes and shapes, to reach different parts of the teeth. This is why you will see the dentist or hygienist changing instruments quite often

  • Electric scalers use a tip that vibrates very fast in a stream of water. The water is removed from your mouth using a small suction device. A hand scaler is also used along with an electric scaler to check whether teeth are completely clean

For polishing the dentist or hygienist will use a rotating brush or rubber polisher with a special toothpaste

Scaling cleans above and below the gum line – if you have a gum disease you may also need deeper scaling, around the roots of the teeth – this is called root planning. Your dentist may give you a local anaesthetic for this

Your dentist or dental hygienist will also tell you about the best way to clean your teeth and gums thoroughly at home


What are the benefits?

  • Regular scaling and polishing by a dentist or hygienist helps keep your teeth and gums healthy by making it easier for you to clean your teeth at home, you should see and feel the difference

  • If your gums bleed when you brush you may have early gum disease. Regular scaling and polishing helps to stop the disease getting worse and it helps eliminate the disease by thorough cleaning at home

  • Bad breath is often caused by gum disease – regular scaling and cleaning your teeth thoroughly at home can prevent this.

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